MAXIMUM FLOW OF RIVERS OF THE UKRAINIAN CARPATHIANS (IN THE UPPER DNIESTER) IN THE CLIMATE CHANGE CONDITIONS
Keywords:Ukrainian Carpathians, climate change trends, trends in maximum flow of rivers, Mann-Kendall test
AbstractThe complex nature of the flow of the Carpathian Mountains necessitates the identification of current trends in the changes in the maximum flow with different genesis (spring flood and rainwater floods). The studies were carried out over a period of the years (1961-2010) and various phases of water content. Statistically significant trends were identified by the Mann-Kendall test. It was found the statistically significant positive trends in air temperatures are generated during the summer season. The trend of maximum flow is offset in time from the calculated "winter" interval (1961-1981) to the calculated interval of "early snow melt flood" (1982-2010). Since 1989, a statistically significant increase in the maximum flow has been detected in the intervals of "late snow melt flood" and "spring floods". These shifts in time are due to changes in precipitation. The impact of rainfall on the generation of maximum flow is growing.
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